Fascism an Overview | Meaning | Definition | Consequences

Mussolini (Left) Fascist leader and Adolf Hitler (Right) Nazi leader

Overview

Fascism is a period of violence, struggle, unjustice, Dominance and war  Which enhance several ups and down in economic structure and social transformation but above all this incidents it's unification marked as good characteristics of Fascism. This form of government is often characterized by dictatorial power where all powers are centered to leader( Dictator).
It is also characterized by the elite dominant over the general people of socitey.

Fascism is a form of Authoritarian , Populist, Radical right wing, and Ultranationalism and opposed the Parliamentary liberalism, Marxism, and communism.

Fascism was emerged in Europe by early 20th century and spread all over the europe but as a starting first fascist movement was took place in Italy during  world war I, before spreading other part of the europe.

The Mussolini was known as the strong leader in Italy for the transformation or protection of social and economic structure.

The Reason behind the emergence of Fascism in europe is the mass destruction of economic and social structure during world war I leading by Liberal form of government.

This World war I brought massive change in the nature of war, society the state and technology. According to fascists the advent of total war and total mass mobilization broken down the distinction between mass and armed militants and each individual is participated in this war by some manner.

✏️ As the result of war state is capable to mobilizing millions of people and it gave the unprecedented authority to intervene in the life of people.

Fascism belives liberal democracy is  obsolete and mass mobilization of Society is possible in one party state government and prepared nation always for armed conflict and resolve economic difficulties.

Fascism advocates mixed economy by principal achieving goal of Autarky ( National Economic- self sufficiency ) by interventionist and protectionist economic policy.

Definition


To Define the term several schloars, Historians, and Political Scientists have been long debated the exact nature of Fascism and each one definition provide his one unique elements. These definitions are also criticized too widely or narrowly.

The one common definition of the term Focuses on three main concepts

1️⃣ The Way of Negotiations ( Anti- Liberalism, Anti- conservatism and Anti communism).

2️⃣ The National Goal of Fascism is Regulated Economic Structure and Transform social relations within nation

3️⃣ Political Aesthetic of Fascism society depicte Fascism from others there romantic symbolism which show strength through unity, POSITIVE VIEW OF VIOLENCE, MOBILIZATION OF CIVILIAN AND MILLITANTS.

Roger Griffin, Robert Paxton, Stanley Payne have gave their definition in a different manner.

>> According to ROBERT PAXTON Fascism is a kind of Political behaviour which is marked as community decline, humiliation, and Victimhood as result it abandons democratic liberties and pursue redemptive violence without legal restraints and there collaborative work with traditional elites as an mass based party who committed themselves a nationalist millitants.

>> Another Prominent scholars in this field was ROGER GRIFFIN. He describes Fascism in very genuine way as " a genus of Political ideology and idea which he describes revolve around the Populist ultranationalism form of government with mythic core.

GRIFFIN describes the ideology as having three Core and Major components:
(1). The Rebirth Myth
(2). Populist Ultra Nationalism
(3). Myth of Decadence

Fascism is " a genuinely revolutionary , trans class form of Anti- liberal,communism and last Analysis Anti- conservative nationalism.

He distinguishes an inter- war period in which it manifested itself in elite- led but Populist "armed party" Politics opposing socialism and Liberalism and promising radical politics to rescue the nation from decadence.

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