El Estrecho Natural Park




El Estrecho Natural Park located in Spain (Europe) on the northern side of the Strait of Gibraltar (Connected Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea).

● It was declared a natural park in 2003 and is a protected area of 18,910 hectares.

● The park is located at the southern point of mainland Spain (Europe), making it the southernmost park of Europe.
This Natural park Comprising 189.1 square kilometres.

● The location at the point where the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea meet in the Strait of Gibraltar places it on the migratory route for many birds.
it is crossing point for over 300 million migratory birds, with some 350 different species, which migrate between Africa and Europe every year.

● El Estrecho Natural Park is very Beautiful and unique kind of park , it is unique because it separates europe from africa and due to its location it also working as a stopping place for migratory birds and marine mammals who crosss Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea throughout the strait of Gibraltar.

● It is most southerly protected area
 It is the most southerly protected area of the European continent and unites ecological, historical and cultural themes.

● It is also part of the Transcontinental Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean since it was designated in 2006.

● The El Estrecho Natural Park as a cost is divided in two parts, Eastern coast of the park is on the Mediterranean sea and Western coast is on the Atlantic Ocean.

● The climate of the area is characterized by mild temperatures and a dry season and a total lack of rain.


● The park's maritime area is exceptional for its biodiversity, with over 1,900 species of marine flora and fauna recorded.

HISTORY

✏️ Remains of Neandarthals in the Rock of Gibraltar found as the earliest evidence of  human history in these land. That may correspond to one of the world's last populations of this group of people.

Additionally, there are remains of the earliest modern humans in the area, from the Lower Paleolithic.

✏️ There are around 34 caves and shelters with rock art and funerary structures with different representative periods from the Palaeolithic age to the Bronze Age of the Tombs of the Algarbes with veranda megalithic burials.

✏️ Later, the territory was populated by many of the civilizations in the area. Within the park boundaries are sites like Cala Arenas, Carthaginians, Romans and Claudia Baelo or medieval as the Hill Campus of the Gallows or the Castle of Tarifa.

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