Hong kong Return to China

Dec,19, 1984; It was a day when United Kingdom(UK) Agree and signed the Agreement which popularly called as Sino-British Joint Declaration on the question of  to give Hong kong back to People Republic of China which was dominated by Britain in 1842.
● The transfer was arranged with the expiration of the 99 years( Extension of Hong Kong territories) lease on the previous day, 30 June 1997. This event marked the end of British rule in Hong Kong, and is regarded by some as the end of the British Empire.

● The United Kingdom obtained control over portions of Hong Kong territory through three treaties with Qing China:
1842 Treaty of Nanking,
1860 Convention of Peking and
1898 Convention for the Extension of
Hong Kong Territory: the New Territories
leased for 99 years laying outside of the hong kong until 1997.

● In July 1997, the crown colony of Hong Kong  officially handed back to the  Chinese authority, ending 156 years of British rule. After a formal handover ceremony on July 1, the colony became the Hong Kong special administrative region of the People’s Republic of China. 
The Sino-British Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong Kong, signed by the heads of the two governments in December, 19, 1984.

● The agreement stipulated that under Chinese rule the Hong Kong special administrative region would enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in matters of foreign relations and defense, and that the social and economic systems.
There was also agreement happend as the lifestyle in Hong Kong would remain unchanged for 50 years after 1997.

● Many observer expressed his view that china has trying to start dominant over the territories of Hong Kong through rules and regulations. it would be threat for hong kong peoples.

● Britain Present time United Kingdom  had acquired Hong Kong Island from China in 1842, when the Treaty of Nanking was signed at the end of the first Opium War (1839-42). Unsatisfied with incomplete control of the harbour, the British forced China to cede Kowloon Peninsula south of what is now Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island less than 20 years later, after the second Opium War (1856-60). By the Convention of 1898, the New Territories together with 235 islands were leased to Britain for 99 years from July 1, 1898. After the communist took power in 1949 In the following decades the Chinese government insisted that the treaties giving Britain sovereignty over Hong Kong were invalid.

● Although in 1984 Britain and China agreed on the terms in agreement of the handover of Hong Kong, Sino-British cooperation during the transition period deteriorated after the appointment in 1992 of Chris Patten as Hong Kong’s last colonial governor. Sharply breaking with past practice, Patten initiated a series of political reforms designed to give the people of Hong Kong a greater voice in government via democratic elections to the Legislative Council China in 1989.

● The formal handover ceremony  on the question of giving hong kong. There were   numerous dignitaries from around the world, including President Jiang Zemin and Premier Li Peng of China, British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Prince Charles, and U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright . Prince Charles, who gave a short speech in which he congratulated the colony on its political, economic, and social successes, told the people of Hong Kong, "We shall not forget you, and we shall watch with the closest interest as you embark on this new era of your remarkable history." President Jiang, the first mainland Chinese head of state to visit Hong Kong since 1842, reassured residents that China would carry out the "one country, two systems" plan of local autonomy, which had been contrived principally by Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping.

Deng had passed away on February 19, just four and a half months before the handover he had hoped to witness.

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