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20th December, What happend today in History




1. December, 20th , AD 69 –Vitellius was defeated, and the following day Vespasian was declared emperor by the Senate. The Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero as emperor,  enters Rome to claim the title of Emperor.
● While Vespasian besieged Jerusalem during the Jewish rebellion, emperor Nero committed suicide and plunged Rome into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors: After Nero's death, Galba, Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian succeed each other as emperor during the year.




2. December, 20th, 1192Richard I of England is captured and imprisoned by Leopold V of Austria on his way home to England after the Third Crusade. Due to bad whether his ship was extremely wrecked nearly Aquileia, which forcing Richard and his party into a dangerous land route through central Europe. on his way to the territory of his brother-in-law Henry the Lion , Richard I captured before the Christmas near Vienna by Leopard V, Duke of Austria who accused Richard of arranging the murder of his cousin Conrad of Montferrat .



3. December, 20th, 1334Pope Benedict XII is elected.



4. 20th, December, 1606 – The Virginia Company loads three ships with settlers and sets sail to establish Jamestown,  Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas.



5. 20th, December,1803 – The Louisiana Purchase is completed at a ceremony in New Orleans.



6.  20th, December,1808 Peninsular War : The Siege of Zaragoza begins.



7. 20th, December, 1808 – The original Covent Garden Theatre in London is destroyed by a fire, along with most of the scenery, costumes and scripts.



8. 20th, December,1832 HMS Clio under the command of Captain Onslow arrives at Port Egmont under orders to take possession of the Falkland Islands.




9. 20th, December,1860 South Carolina becomes the first state to attempt to secede from the United States.



10. 20th, December,1915World War I: The last Australian troops are evacuated from Gallipoli.


11. 20th, December,1917 Cheka, the first Soviet secret police force, is founded.


12. 20th, December,1924 Adolf Hitler is released from Landsberg Prison.


13. 20th, December,1941World War II: First battle of the
American Volunteer Group, better known
as the "Flying Tigers" in Kunming, China.



14. 20th, December,1942World War II: Japanese air forces bomb Calcutta, India.



15. 20th, December,1946 – The popular Christmas film It's a Wonderful Life is first released in New York City.




16. 20th, December,1948 – Indonesian National Revolution: The Dutch military captures Yogyakarta, the temporary capital of the newly-formed Republic of Indonesia.



17. 20th, December,1951 – The EBR-1 in Arco, Idaho becomes the first nuclear power plant to generate electricity. The electricity powered four light bulbs.



18. 20th, December,1952– A United States Air Force C-124 crashes and burns in Moses Lake, Washington killing 87.




19. 20th, December,1955 Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales, United Kingdom.



20. 20th, December,1957 – The initial production version of the Boeing 707 makes its first flight.



21. 20th, December,1967 – A Pennsylvania Railroad Budd Metroliner exceeds 155 mph on their New York Division, also present day Amtrak's Northeast Corridor.



22. 20th, December,1968 – The Zodiac Killer kills Betty Lou Jenson and David Faraday in Vallejo, California.


23. 20th, December,1971 – The international aid organization ( IAO) Doctors Without Borders is founded by Bernard Kouchner and a group of journalists in Paris, France.



24. 20th, December,1973 – The Prime Minister of Spain, Admiral Luis  Carrero Blanco, is assassinated by a car bomb attack in Madrid.

25. 20th, December,1984 – The Summit Tunnel fire, one of the largest transportation tunnel fires in history, burns after a freight train carrying over one million liters of gasoline derails near the town of Todmorden, England, in the Pennines.

26. 20th, December,1985 Pope John Paul II announces the institution of World Youth day.

27. 20th, December,1987 – In the worst peacetime sea disaster, the passenger ferry Dona Paz sinks after colliding with the oil tanker Vector in the Tablas Strait in the Philippines, killing an estimated 4,000 people .


28. 20th, December,1989 – The United States invasion of Panama deposes Manuel Noriega.

29. 20th, December,1991 – A Missouri court sentences the Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria to death for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina.

30. 20th,December,1995 –  NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia.

31. 20th,December,1995 – American Airlines Flight 965, a Boeing 757, crashes into a mountain 50 km north of Cali, Colombia killing 159.

32. 20th,December,1999Macau is handed over to China by Portugal.

33. 20th, December, 2004 – A gang of thieves steal £26.5 million worth of currency from the Donegall Square West headquarters of Northern Bank in Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, one of the largest bank robberies in British history.

34. 20th, December,2007Elizabeth II becomes the oldest monarch of the United Kingdom, surpassing Queen Victoria, who lived for 81 years, seven months and 29 days.




35. 20th, December,2007 – The Portrait of Suzanne Bloch (1904), by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, and O Lavrador de Cafe by Brazilian modernist painter Candido Portinari, are stolen from the Sao Paulo Museum of Art.

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