Non-Aligned Movement ( NAM ) - A Movement of Third World Countries

● Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was founded by the newly independent countries of Asia and Africa in 1955.

● The first meeting of the NAM took place in Bandung (Indonesia) in 1955 at the initiative of Jawahar Lal Nehru,  Chou-Enai and President Sukarno.

● Bandung Declaration of NAM asserted ten pnnciples. These are as following:-

(i) Respect for Fundamental Human Rights.

(ii) Respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations.

(iii) Recognition of equality among all races.

(iv) Peaceful solution of all International Conflicts.

(v) Promotion of mutual interests and co operation.

(vi) Respect for justice and international obligations.

(vii) Refrain from joining defence pacts and no use pressure against the other countries.

(viii) Non-intervention or non-interference into the internal  affairs of another country.

(ix) Respect for the right of every nation to defend itself.

(x) Refraining from carrying outer threating to carry out aggression or employing use of force against any  independent country.

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