Imperialism and Colonialism

Imperialism is a policy of a nation to extend its control outside its own boundaries, by acquisiion of colonies or dependencies or by jurisdiction over other races.

● The 17th and 18th centuries marked a decisive turning point in the establishment of Western European domination over much of the world.

● During the 17th and 18th centuries the policy of mercantilism became popular, which accentuated the importance of competition, for overseas trade and colonies.

● The process of colonisation of Asia began towards the close of 15th century, when Vasco-De-Gama discovered the sea route to India.

● The weakness of Chinese Empire became apparent during the first Opiun was of 1840-42. At that time England  occupied Hong Kong. In 1857-58 England and France  forced China to subscribe to the Treaty of Tient-Sin according to which China had to give special facilities to Britain, France, Russia and America.

● Taking advantages of the Chinese weakness France took Cochin China under its protection, occupied Annam and Tokin in 1882 and formed the protectorate of Indo China.

● In Central Asia, Russia and Britain tried to increase their influence. While the Northern part of Persia was to be controlled by Russia, the Southern part was opened for the British,

● The motives of Imperialism and empire building were selfish and the people in the colonies were frequently fl catploited for the benefit of the mother country.

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