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British Instrument of Administration in India Part 1 ( Administrative & Legislative reforms before 1857 )

                   

   

             Regulating Act ( 1773 )


This Act is based on the Report of the Council
headed by British Prime Minister Lord North.
● Governance of East India Company was put under
British Parliamentary Control.
● Governor of the Bengal was appointed us Governor-
General of all the three Presidencies ( which was
Bombay, Madras , and Calcutta. Governor-General was
empowerd to make rules, Regulation and
ordinances.
●Warren hestings was the first such Governor-General.
● A suprme Court was established in Calcutta.


              Pitts India Act ( 1784 )

● The Act established six commissioner for the affairs of India.
● This body known as the Board of Control was to exercise an effective control over the Board of Directors , who possessed the charge of the administration of the company .
●The control of the Governor-General in council over the presidencies of Madras and Bombay was clearly defined and rendered more effective.

                The Charter Act (1793)    

●The power of Board of Control were concentrated in the hands of the President , who virtually became the cabinet Minister for India.
●The salaries of the members of the Board of Council and that of the President were to be drawn from the Indian exchequer.

               The Charter Act ( 1813 )

● Trade monopoly of the East India Company came to an end.
● Powers of the three Council of Madras, Bombay and Calcutta were enlarged. they were also subjected to greater control of the British Parliament .
●Christan missionaries were allowed to spread there religion over in India.
● Local Autonomous bodies were empowered to levy taxes


                The Charter Act ( 1833 )     

● The Governor-General and his Council were given vast Powers. This Council could legislate for the whole of  India subject to the approval of  the Board of Controllers.
● The Council got full powers regarding revenue, and a single budget for the country was prepared by the Governor-General.
●The East India Company was reduced to an administrative and political enitity and several Lords and Minster were nominated as ex-officio members of the Board of Controllers.

                 The Charter Act ( 1853 )     

● This was the last of the Charter Acts it made so many important changes in system of Indian Legislature.
● This Act followed a report of the then Governor-General Dalhousie to improve administration of India.
● A separate Governor of Bengal as appointed the Legislative and administrative functions of the Council were separetly identified.
● Recruitment of the Company employees was done by Competitive exams.
●Governor- General was empowerd to put Companies governance to an end any suitable time.

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